This article focuses on the complex interplay between education and labour market participation in the European Union (EU) and its Member States, supplementing a companion article on youth unemployment.
In the case of young people, participation in education and in the labour market interact in complex ways going beyond a straightforward one-way transition from school to work. In some countries, young people start working much earlier than in others, e.g. in the form of summer jobs or jobs for students. It is also possible to be in education and on the labour market at the same time, leading to an overlap. It is important to be aware of these issues when interpreting and assessing youth unemployment rates.